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What’s new for the Northern Hemisphere since Brexit?

Understanding the Common Travel Area ( CTA ) for British and Irish citizens post Brexit.


While the UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 a transition period existed, in which nothing changed, and that ended 31 December 2020. Post Brexit travel rules began on 1st January 2021.



Brexit, a word formed from the combination between “Britain” and “exit”, is used to describe the United Kingdom’s departure from the European Union. A simple name for complexities covering a multitude of regulations, legislations and relationships the UK must now redraft and renegotiate.

Given Heartland Immigration’s global reach and the ramifications of the UK leaving the EU we intend featuring items of travel interest beginning with the Common Travel Area (CTA).


An administrative arrangement between the UK, Ireland and the Crown Dependencies (Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey). The latter being self-governing dependencies of the Crown who have their own legislative assemblies, administrative, financial and legal systems and their own courts of law.

CTA has been a long standing arrangement pre-dating both the British and Irish membership of the EU provides free movement for British and Irish citizens between the UK, Ireland and the islands. This arrangement remains allowing Irish and British citizens to continue to enjoy the special rights and privileges as pre Brexit.


Non citizens of Britain or Ireland or those subject to a deportation order, exclusion decision or international travel ban would need to seek advice before travelling. And with any current travel this is all also subject to Covid-19 controls implemented by the local health authorities for the control of Covid-19.


Disclaimer: Mary Noonan is Heartland Immigration Ltd Managing Director and her views, expressed in this article, are not intended to replace the professional service provided to individual migrants by a Licensed Immigration Adviser.